Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

What is EMDR?

EMDR is a form of psychotherapy developed in the 1990s by Francine Shapiro in which the person being treated is asked to recall distressing or traumatic memories. The practitioner directs his or her client in one type of bilateral sensory input, such as side-to-side eye movements or hand tapping. The eye movements of the patient dampen the power of emotionally charged memories of his or her past traumatic events.


EMDR is included in several evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and has gained popularity and acceptance in recent years as evidence has born out its efficacy.


Additional Resources:

EMDR International Association

EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs

American Psychological Association Overview of EMDR